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Table 1 Science and engineering practices outlined in NGSS (Achieve, 2013)

From: Integrating engineering in K-12 science education: spelling out the pedagogical, epistemological, and methodological arguments

Practices that are specified for science vs engineering in NGSSPractices that are not differentiated in NGSS
• Asking [scientific research] questions (for science) and defining [engineering design] problems (for engineering)
• Constructing [scientific] explanations (for science) and designing [engineering] solutions (for engineering)
• Developing and using models
• Planning and carrying out investigations
• Analyzing and interpreting data
• Using mathematics and computational thinking
• Engaging in argument from evidence
• Obtaining, evaluating, and communicatinginformation
  1. The text in brackets are added by the authors for clarification and emphasis