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Table 1 The Cynefin Framework (Zeyer et al., 2019, adapted from Snowden and Boone, 2007, and Fensham 2012)

From: Science|Environment|Health – the emergence of a new pedagogy of complex living systems

Ordered systemsComplex systems
Simple contextsComplex contexts
 • Static linear systems • Non-linear Systems
 • ‘Fully’ predictable • Not predictable
 • Example: Plant taxonomy • Example: Cardiovascular system
Complicated contextsChaotic contexts
 • Dynamic linear systems • Non-linear or ‘non’ systems
 • Highly predictable • ‘Fully’ unpredictable
 • Example: Newton mechanics • Example: Stock markets