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Table 5 Characteristics of the instruments as they have been used within the two studies

From: Fostering students’ socioscientific decision-making: exploring the effectiveness of an environmental science competition

 Study 1Study 2
ReferenceEggert and Bögeholz (2010)Paul, Lederman and Groß (2016)
Format of data collectionPaper-pencil-test; open-ended, written answerInterview; semi-structured guideline
Conceptualization of decision-makingAppropriate use of decision-making strategiesAccording to Eggert and Bögeholz (2010) and Garrecht et al. (2018)
Assessment focusStructural natureExplorative nature
Adaptability of contextYesNo
Decision required?YesNo