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Table 1 Gradual shift in learning approaches

From: Supporting undergraduate students’ developing water literacy during a global pandemic: a longitudinal study

Approach 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Lecture-based 85% 70% 50% 30% 15%
Active learning 15% 30% 50% 70% 85%
Mode:
(1) In person; (2) online; (3) synchronous; (4) asynchronous
(1) (1) (1) (1), (2), (3) (2), (4)
Priority of course interactions:
(1) Student-instructor; (2) student-student; (3) student-content
(1), (3), (2) (1), (2), (3) (1), (2), (3) (3), (1), (2) (3), (1), (2)