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Fig. 1 | Disciplinary and Interdisciplinary Science Education Research

Fig. 1

From: Biology education research: building integrative frameworks for teaching and learning about living systems

Fig. 1

Examples of conceptual frameworks developed for biology education research. a A three-part conceptual framework for genetics literacy encompassing situational features, content knowledge use, and argumentation quality (modified from Shea et al. 2015). b A conceptual framework for evolutionary reasoning encompassing long-term memory, problem-solving processes, and item features (similar to the situational features of Shea et al. 2015). Modified from Nehm (2018)

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