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Table 3 Transcription conventionsa

From: Missed expectations: teacher and coach tensions at the boundary of STEM integration in an elementary classroom

Definition Code Example
Descriptive text (()) ((Laughter))
Accompanying text () they learned (during these lessons) in
Overlapping speech [] A: [
B: [
Increased volume UPPERCASE  
Decreased volume ° °  
Latched or continuous speech =  
Stretching of sound :  
Short pause (..)  
Longer pause (…)  
Dropped or interrupted utterance /  
Falling intonation  
Rising intonation  
  1. aTranscription conventions are adapted from the Jefferson system. The format of the conventions table is modeled on one used in Majors (2007)